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Reduce Your Diabetes Risk

Earlier this week, actor Tom Hanks told David Letterman on the "Late Show" that he had Developed Type 2 Diabetes. There are things you can do to try to prevent diabetes or to live healthy with the disease.
Earlier this week, actor Tom Hanks told David Letterman on the "Late Show" that he had developed Type 2 Diabetes.
Hanks had suffered from high blood sugar, also called prediabetes, for about 20 years.

There are things you can do to try to prevent diabetes or to live healthy with the disease.

Having high blood sugar - also called prediabetes - doesn't mean you're destined to develop Type 2 Diabetes.
Making healthy lifestyle changes such as eating a balanced diet, exercising, and dropping excess weight may help prevent the disease.

The American Diabetes Association says for some people at risk, taking the drug metformin may help too.

In healthy people, sugar enters the blood stream after we eat. Then the hormone insulin gets involved,  helping the body's cells absorb the sugar and turn it into energy.

In people with pre-diabetes,  this process starts to work less efficiently and sugar builds up in your blood stream. With Type 2 Diabetes things worsen and people often have to be treated with insulin.

If you already have diabetes, you can still make lifestyle changes to help control the disease. In people who are overweight, losing only 5 - 10 percent of their body weight can help improve their condition.

And when it comes to food, instead of a restrictive diet, focus on cutting the fat and calories but don't skimp on fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

(Holly Firfer for CNN's Health Minute)

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